In the third decade of May, all grain-growing areas of the northern half of the republic continued sowing spring grain crops, processing fields with herbicides against weeds, the quality of field work was mostly good. Conditions for the growth and development of grain crops were satisfactory, precipitation was below normal. Lowering the air temperature at night in the east and south-east of the country to minus 3 ° C was not so dangerous for the emergence of spring grain crops. At the same time, the processes of germination and emergence of seedlings at low temperatures proceed very slowly.
In the observed areas on spring wheat crops in the west (in West Kazakhstan and Aktobe regions), there is a phase of "grain germination" - "tillering", the condition of plants is everywhere good, the height of wheat reaches 11-19 cm.
In the north, the phase of "germination of grain" - "shoots" is observed in early crops, in some areas, weed treatment with herbicides is carried out.
In the center of the country, in the observed areas (in Karaganda and Ulytau regions), the phase of "grain germination" - "formation of nodular roots" is observed on spring wheat crops. In early crops , the height of wheat reaches 13 cm . The condition of spring barley is excellent everywhere.
In the east, the phase of development of the "3rd leaf" - "tillering" is marked on spring wheat crops. The height of the plants reaches 11-13 cm, the condition of the crops is excellent and good. The height of the plants reaches 11-13 cm, the condition of the crops is excellent and good.
In the south and south-east of the republic, the condition of spring wheat is good, the phase of development "germination of grain" - "exit into the tube", the height of spring barley reaches 14-30 cm. In the Zhambyl region, spring barley has a phase of development - "earing". The height of plants is mainly from 41 to 53 cm . In the Turkestan region, in the observed areas, spring barley is in the "milk ripeness" phase. The height of the plants reaches 55-57 cm, the condition is good.
In the third decade of May, there were favorable conditions for the growth and development of plants in the areas of winter wheat cultivation. Winter wheat is in the "earing" - "flowering" phase, plant height from 34 to 75 cm. On crops in the vicinity of Taldykorgan and Zhansugurova stations, yellowing of the leaves of the lower tier of wheat is noted, single plant organs (less than 10%), individual plants (less than 10%), 40-50% of the observed area are damaged.
In the Kazalinsky and Shielinsky districts of the Kyzylorda region, the condition of rice in the observed areas is good. The development phase is "3rd leaf", the height of plants reaches 20 cm. Nitrogen fertilizers have been introduced and water has been injected into rice checks. In Almaty and Zhetysu regions, the development phase is "shoots", water is drained from rice checks at the sites.
In the south and south-east of the republic, the phase of development "fruit formation" is marked in apple orchards - "the end of shoot growth". The condition of fruit crops (cherry, pear, apple tree) is everywhere good, chemical treatment of apple trees and feeding irrigation have begun.
On crops of perennial grasses (alfalfa, clover), there is a phase of "stem growth" – "appearance of inflorescences", in some areas "flowering". The condition of alfalfa herbs is good. Vegetation watering of alfalfa is carried out in the Turkestan region, the 1st mowing of herbs continues.
In general, the prevailing weather conditions for the 3rd decade of May favored grazing. On the larger territory of pasture animal husbandry, the dry and wet condition of the sod was mainly noted.