At the beginning of May, summer-like hot weather was observed in the western half of Kazakhstan, at the very end of the month – already in most of the republic, new temperature records were recorded. For example, on May 1, the highest air temperature of +34.1 ° C was recorded at the Akkudyk weather station in Mangystau region, thereby the record of 2005 was blocked (+33.9 ° C), the maximum air temperature at the weather station Itself was +32.5 ° C, the last time on the same day the absolute maximum was recorded in 1975 (+31.0 °C), at the Kulsary weather station (Atyrau region) on the same day, the thermometer columns reached +33.4 °C, thus blocking the record of 1986 (+31.8 ° C), on May 2 at the same station the air temperature was +32.4 ° C, thereby blocking the record of 1970 (+32.2°C), at the Taipak weather station (West Kazakhstan region) on this day, the highest air temperature was +32.2 ° C, thereby the record of 1970 was blocked, when the air temperature was +31.4 ° C, on May 11 at the Bayanauyl weather station (Pavlodar region) the maximum air temperature was +31.3 ° C, thus the record of 1976 was blocked (+30.0 ° C), at the Zharyk weather station (Karaganda region) the thermometer columns reached +29.6 ° C, the last time on the same day the maximum was recorded in 1991 and amounted to +29.0 °C, at the Kyzylorda weather station (Kyzylorda region), the record air temperature reached +35.6 ° C, the 2019 record was updated (+34.7 °C), on May 27 at the Aktau weather station (Mangystau region) the maximum air temperature was +36.2 ° C, thus the record of 2000 was updated, when the air temperature was +34.0 ° C, on May 30 at the Kostanay weather station (Kostanay region) the thermometer reached +34.9 °C, the record of 2021 (+34.5 °C) was blocked.
In early May, the northern, central, eastern, and southern regions, on the contrary, received cold air masses from the regions of Eastern Siberia, which led to a decrease in air temperature to frost: at night in the Karaganda region on May 2 at the Aktogay weather station, the air temperature was -6.8 ° C, the record of 1969 was closed (-5.0 ° C), on May 3 the temperature of -7.8 ° C was recorded at the Aktogay weather station, thereby the record of 2002 was blocked (-3.7 ° C), at the Ridder weather station (East Kazakhstan region) the minimum air temperature was -5.2 ° C, in 1985 the air temperature was -4,5 °C, on May 4 at the Aktogay weather station (Karaganda region), the record air temperature reached -8 °C, the record of 1997 was blocked (-5.1 °C), on May 5 at the Taraz weather station (Zhambyl region), the minimum temperature of -1.1 °C was recorded, thereby the record of 1998 was blocked (+0.5 °C).
In addition, a strong wind was observed in the south-east of the country. For example, at the AMC (automatic weather station) Dostyk (Zhetisu region) On May 1 there was a hurricane wind gusts reached 42 m/s, on May 2 – 3 a very strong wind – with gusts of 31-33 m/s.
In addition to temperature records, records for precipitation were recorded in May, a monthly norm fell during the day at some stations: for example, 17 mm fell at the Kazalinsk weather station (Kyzylorda region) on May 16, with a norm of 14 mm per month, 18 mm fell at the Tasty weather station (Turkestan region) on May 17, with a norm of 17 mm, at the weather station Zhalanashkol (Zhetisu region) on May 22, 10 mm fell - at a rate of 8 mm per month.
In Astana in May 2023, the lowest air temperature according to meteorological observations was recorded at night on May 3 and amounted to -2.0 °C, the highest air temperature was observed on May 31 +33.1 ° C.
Precipitation for the month fell 0.6 mm, with a norm of 33 mm, which was 2% of the norm.