Agrometeorological monitoring of the Republic of Kazakhstan is carried out at 206 agrometeorological points, including:
- 115 weather stations;
- 91 agrometeorological posts.
173 points conduct observations in grain-growing areas, 26-in pastures, as well as observations in rice, cotton fields, gardens, etc.
At all agrometeorological points of the state observation network, meteorological observations (air temperature, precipitation, atmospheric phenomena, as well as wind, total solar radiation, soil temperature on the surface of the soil and at depths, etc.) and observations of the growth of agricultural and pasture crops and the state of the soil are carried out.
Agrometeorological monitoring is managed by the Department of agrometeorological monitoring and forecasting, which is headed by the Director.
The Department consists of two departments:
- Management of agro-meteorological monitoring;
- Department of agrometeorological forecasting.
Management of agrometeorological monitoring performs the task of the chief of methodical Department of the state agro-meteorological network of Kazakhstan provides management and agrometeorological monitoring focuses on operational issues to ensure quality execution of the work plans of agrometeorological network in accordance with the aims and objectives of RSE "Kazgidromet".
The agrometeorological forecasting Department provides predictive and operational actual agrometeorological information to the agricultural industry.
The Department develops forecasts for:
1. forecast of moisture reserves in the soil before the start of spring field work;
2. forecast of optimal sowing times;
3. forecasts of maturation dates;
4. crop yield forecast;
5. probabilistic forecast of drought;
6. forecast of agrometeorological conditions of harvesting.
Agrometeorological products, including certificates on the actual state of agricultural crops (on the state of winter crops, the amount of effective and active temperatures, the actual reserves of productive moisture, etc.), and consultations are provided on the basis of actual data from the state observation network. In addition, the state of crops is analyzed using Remote sensing data.
In order to implement one of the main tasks in the agro-industrial complex, voiced in the address of Elbasy N. A. Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan dated 10.01.2018, for the development of "Smart technologies" in crop production, RSE "Kazhydromet" has been providing targeted services in the framework of pilot projects in North Kazakhstan, Almaty, West Kazakhstan and Zhambyl regions since 2018.