Agrometeorological monitoring in the Republic of Kazakhstan is carried out on 206 agrometeorological points, including:
- 115 meteorological stations;
- 91 agrometeorological posts.
173 paragraph conduct surveillance in grain-producing areas, 26 – on pastures, as well as observations on rice, cotton fields, gardens, etc.
At all points of the state agro-meteorological observation network is conducted meteorological observations (air temperature, precipitation, atmospheric phenomena, and wind, total solar radiation, soil temperature at the soil surface and at depths, etc.) and monitoring of growth of agricultural and pasture crops and the soil condition.
the agrometeorological monitoring Department of agro-meteorological monitoring and forecasting, which is headed by a Director.
the Department consists of two departments:
- Management of agro-meteorological monitoring;
- Management of agrometeorological forecasting.
Manage agro-meteorological monitoring performs the tasks of the chief of methodical Department of the state agro-meteorological network of Kazakhstan and provides management of agrometeorological monitoring is the operational matters to ensure quality implementation of work plans agrometeorological network in accordance with the aims and objectives of RSE “Kazhydromet”.
Management of agrometeorological forecasting provides predictive and actual operational agrometeorological information in the agricultural sector.
In the management of developed predictions:
1. inventory forecast of soil moisture before spring sowing;
2. forecast of the optimal timing of sowing;
3. forecasts ripening;
4. forecast crop yields;
5. probabilistic forecast of drought;
6. forecast of agrometeorological conditions of the harvest.
Agrometeorological products, including help on the actual status of agricultural crops (on the condition of winter crops, the amount of effective and active temperatures, the actual reserves of productive moisture, etc.), and advice is provided on the basis of actual data from the state observation network. In addition, the analysis of the condition of crops using Remote sensing data of the Earth.
In order to implement one of the main objectives in the agricultural sector voiced in the message of the President N. And. Nazarbayev to people of Kazakhstan from 10.01.2018 G., for the development of “Smart technology" in crop RSE “Kazhydromet” carries out in 2018 of targeted services in pilot projects in North Kazakhstan, Almaty, West Kazakhstan and Zhambyl regions.