Brief overview of agrometeorological conditions

IconPublished 15.04.2024

Brief agrometeorological review for 1st ten days of April 2024


In the south and southeast of the republic, in areas where winter grain crops are cultivated, an increase in daytime air temperature to plus 20...23°C was observed, which was favorable for the resumption of vegetation, growth and development of winter crops.
In the observed areas in the Almaty region, the condition of winter wheat is generally good, the development phase is “tillering” - “heading”. The height of the plants reaches 9-19 cm, the average number of plants per 1 m² was 189-265 pieces.
In the Zhambyl and Zhetysu regions in the observed areas, the condition of winter wheat is generally good, the development phase “3rd leaf” is “tillering”. The average height of plants reaches 9-20 cm, the average number of plants per 1 m² was 82-93 pcs., in the vicinity of the Sarkand weather station, Zhetysu region, 374 pcs.
In the Turkestan region, the condition of winter wheat is generally good; the development phase is “tillering” - “the appearance of the lower stem node.” The height of plants reaches 14 cm, low-growing crops up to 6 cm around the Ekpendi agropost and Kazygurt station, the total number of plants per 1 m² was 151, bushiness reaches 1.9 stems per plant (Tasaryk weather station).
In the south of the country, sowing of spring barley continues, after preliminary soil treatment, the quality of the sowing and the condition of the plants is good. In early sowings of spring crops in Almaty, Zhambyl and Turkestan regions, the development phase of “grain germination” - “emergence” is noted.
In the observed areas in the orchards, fruit crops (apple, pear, cherry) have a developmental phase of “bud swelling” - “bud opening”; in the apple orchards around the Zharkent stations of the Zhetysu region, the phase of “separation of buds” is noted. The condition of fruit crops is good everywhere.
  In the southern regions of the country, active vegetation of alfalfa, clover, and sainfoin was observed. The condition of the grasses is generally good to excellent.
On pastures, livestock grazing was carried out everywhere. In the Kyzylkoginsky district of the Atyrau region, feeding of livestock continues.
In the Suzak district of the Turkestan region and the Ulytau district of the Ulytau region, the movement of animals to summer pastures began. At the end of the past decade, a large area of pastures was slightly overgrazed, some pastures were moderately overgrazed.
The condition of the turf on pastures is mostly damp; when animals pass, traces remain on the soil; in some pastures, it is dry; when animals pass, traces are subtle or invisible. The condition of the grass stand is generally good and satisfactory, poor condition in the vicinity of the Kyzyltau station in the Karaganda region.

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